What was given to Roman slaves, when they were granted their freedom?

Answer: A felt cap known as a Pileus was given to a slave when they were granted their freedom, in a ceremony known as Manumissio which literally translates from Latin as the “sending out from the hand”. Freed slaves thus became members of a separate social class known as the Liberti.

Source: The Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire by Mikhail Rostovtzev

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