In 1649 Charles II, whilst still Prince of Wales witnessed the execution of his father King Charles I, in the dramatic conclusion to the English Civil War. On his father’s death, Charles was immediately declared King of Scotland, however during the English Interregnum, Charles was effectively exiled, spending his time in France, the United Provinces and the Spanish Netherlands. In 1660, Charles was invited to return to London as King, and the monarchy was restored. The ensuring decades became known as the Restoration, which sparked a new age of culture, literature, architecture and art in Britain.

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