German clergyman and leader of the protestant opposition during the Third Reich. He served in the German Navy in the First World War. When the Nazis came to power, he attacked pro-Nazi protestant sympathizers. He became part of the Confessing Church, which denied the right of the state to totalitarian control in 1934. He refused to cooperate with the Reich government and was interned in a concentration camp from 1937 until the war’s end. Afterward, he actively opposed West German rearmament and campaigned for peace.

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Back Home