The Battle of Solferino in 1859 saw the victory of French and Piedmontese armies over a large Austrian force, opening the way for Italian unification. The battle is also unusual in another way, what was it?

Answer: It was the last major battle in European history where the armies involved were under the command of their monarchs. The French Army was under the command of Napoleon III, Piedmontese under Victor-Emmanuel and Austria under Emperor Franz Josef.

Source: The Middle Sea by John Julius Norwich

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