Which medieval organisation, originating as a hospice for pilgrims and the sick poor, later developed a military wing, acquired extensive property holdings and became one of the wealthiest groups in Europe?

Answer: The Knights of the order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem, more commonly known as the Knights Hospitaller. After 1310, they became known as the Knights of Rhodes.

Source: The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire by Jonathan Shepard

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