During the French Revolution, Maximilien Robespierre attempted to replace Christianity with a religion based upon ‘reason’. What was this?

Answer: The ‘Cult of the Supreme Being’, which became the new state religion of the French Republic. Its fundamental belief was in the immortality of the human soul. It reached its climax with ‘the Festival of the Supreme Being’, held on the Champs-de-Mars on 8 June 1794.

Source: Oxford Illustrated History of Modern Europe by T.C.W. Blanning

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