What is often considered to be the most powerful siege weapon of the Middle Ages, capable of raising, that is, knocking down, even the most powerful strongholds?

Answer: The counterweight Trebuchet, essentially a giant sling-shot on wheels. Originating in the late 12th century states of the Middle East, the machines weighed some 12 tons and could often throw 15kg stones over 300 metres, shattering medieval walls.

Source: A History of the Early Medieval Siege by Peter Purton

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