1302 – Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam, asserting spiritual supremacy for the papacy.

1730 – The future Frederick the Great of Prussia is pardoned by his father and released from confinement.

1803 – The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, takes place, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.

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