• I was born in Kingston-upon-Thames, United Kingdom, in 1830.
  • Originally a bookseller, I emigrated to California in 1852. I became a professional photographer and later chief photographer for the US government, focusing on action sequence shots.
  • In 1880 I devised the zoopraxiscope to show my picture sequences, a basic form of cinematography. My “Zoopraxographical Hall” in Chicago (1893) was considered by some the first motion picture theatre.
  • I also carried out an extensive survey of the movements of animals, publishing Animal Locomotion in 1887.
  • I retired in 1900, after which I returned to the UK. I died in 1904.

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