The Byzantine Empire had a destructive weapon called “Greek Fire”. Catching alight as soon as it touched sea water, it devastated enemy ships. Why do modern historians know relatively little about this weapon?

Answer: The recipe for Greek Fire was such a closely guarded Byzantine secret that it remains unknown. While light petroleum or naphtha are considered to be key ingredients, it has never been truly recreated.

Source: Medieval Warfare – A History by Maurice Keen

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