The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the London between September 2 and 5, 1666. For a long time after, there was a popular conspiracy about what caused the fire. What was it?

Answer: That it had been deliberately started by Roman Catholics. The monument to the fire in London even carried the inscription attacking the “treachery and malice of the Popish faction…effecting their horrid plot for the extirpating the Protestant religion and English liberties, and to introduce popery and slavery.” This was only removed in 1830.

Source: Popery and Politics in England, 1660-1688 by John Miller

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